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DBMS > CouchDB vs. GridDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. GridDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1.23
Rank#159  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Score160.32
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggriddb.netwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.griddb.netwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerToshiba CorporationIBMMicrosoft
Initial release200520131983 infohost version2014
Current release3.2.2, April 20224.6, February 202112.1, October 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availablecommercial infofree version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)yesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIProprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoyesJavaScript
TriggersyesyesyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID at container levelACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GridDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GridDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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