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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Greenplum vs. MaxDB vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Greenplum vs. MaxDB vs. PostGIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.A robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score13.36
Rank#44  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Score4.06
Rank#87  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score31.82
Rank#28  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggreenplum.orgmaxdb.sap.compostgis.net
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.greenplum.orgmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationpostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerPivotal Software Inc.SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release2005200519842005
Current release3.2.2, April 20226.7.1, April 20207.9.10 (January 2020), 20203.2.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2noyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesyesuser defined functions
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingnoneyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationSource-replica replicationyes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GreenplumMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DPostGIS
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