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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Graphite vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Graphite vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score5.46
Rank#75  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1262.82
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablegraphite.readthedocs.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerChris DavisSpotifyMicrosoftOracle
Initial release20052006201420161980
Current release3.2.2, April 202219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangPythonJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Unix
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data onlyyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API
Sockets
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
PHP
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnonoTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenonoACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GraphiteHeroicMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracle
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