DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CouchDB vs. Grakn vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Grakn vs. Impala vs. Oracle vs. Tibero

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used RDBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.07
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.59
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score14.26
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score1343.59
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.80
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggrakn.aiwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.grakn.ai/­docswww.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasetechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGrakn LabsClouderaOracleTmaxSoft
Initial release20052016201319802003
Current release3.0, February 20201.7.2, June 20203.3.0, August 201919c, February 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC++C and C++C and Assembler
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducePL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersyesnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoby using CassandraShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoby using Cassandraselectable replication factorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GraknImpalaOracleTibero
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
18 April 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GraknImpalaOracleTibero
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

CouchDB 3.0 puts safety first
27 February 2020, InfoWorld

CouchDB Adds Live Shard Splitting
2 March 2020, iProgrammer

Impact of COVID-19 Crisis on NoSQL Databases Software Market Demand 2020-2026 by CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB
3 June 2020, Surfacing Magazine

Coronavirus (COVID – 19) Imapct On Global NoSQL Software Market 2020 Analysis By Top Players | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB
2 June 2020, Surfacing Magazine

provided by Google News

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

Global Trade Impact of the Coronavirus on Big Data in the Automotive Industry: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts
14 May 2020, Cole of Duty

After COVID-19: Demand of Big Data in the Insurance Industry: 2018 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts
3 June 2020, 3rd Watch News

Big Data Market interpreted by a new report
28 May 2020, WhaTech Technology and Markets News

provided by Google News

Cloudera’s Impala brings Hadoop to SQL and BI
25 October 2012, ZDNet

Cloudera Boosts Hadoop App Development On Impala
10 November 2014, InformationWeek

Cloudera says Impala is faster than Hive, which isn't saying much
13 January 2014, GigaOM

Cloudera's a data warehouse player now
28 August 2018, ZDNet

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, Wired

provided by Google News

Microsoft exec explains why its database software has surpassed Oracle
4 June 2020, Business Insider

Cloud migration: top tips for balancing cost and application performance
3 June 2020, NS Tech

Oracle Database Administration Certifications: What Are They And How To Prepare?
14 May 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Oracle DBA
6 June 2020, IT-Online

Managed disaster recovery and managed reader farm with Amazon RDS for Oracle using Oracle Active Data Guard
3 June 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

TmaxSoft to Supply Database Management Software to Hyundai and Kia
25 June 2019, PRNewswire

TmaxData to supply database management software to Hyundai, Kia
12 June 2019, Korea Times

TmaxSoft is using clear licensing to woo Oracle database users
15 August 2016, PCWorld

Hyundai and Kia Say Good-bye to Oracle and Choose Tmax as DBMS Vendor
13 June 2019, BusinessKorea

JumpMind Releases SymmetricDS Pro 3.10 Data Replication Software
10 May 2019, PR Web

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

Jr. C# Developer
Melissa Global Intelligence, RSM, CA

Technical Consultant II
DocuSign, San Francisco, CA

Sr. Technical Consultant
DocuSign, San Francisco, CA

PHP Developer
Miles Technologies, Mount Holly, NJ

Engineers, Software
T-Mobile, Snoqualmie, WA

Intermediate Reporting Data Developer Ocean/Olympus
CITI, Tampa, FL

Intermediate Data Developer Ocean/Olympus
CITI, Tampa, FL

Intermediate Business Analyst for Regulatory Reporting Migration
CITI, Tampa, FL

Data Engineer
Booz Allen Hamilton, Herndon, VA

Oracle Database Administrator (DBA)
C3 Business Solutions, Newport Beach, CA

Oracle Database Programmer
Information Analysis, United States

Microsoft SQL Server DBA
IBM, United States

Associate Database Administrator (3rd Shift)
Navisite, Andover, MA

Database Administrator (Remote)
Paylocity, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here