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DBMS > CouchDB vs. GeoSpock vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. GeoSpock vs. Impala vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGeoSpock  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Spatial and temporal data processing engine for extreme data scaleAnalytic DBMS for HadoopElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionTime Series DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orggeospock.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.geospock.com/­Content/­Home.htmdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGeoSpockClouderaMicrosoft
Initial release200520132016
Current release3.1.1, September 20202.0, September 20193.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJava, JavascriptC++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewstemporal, categoricalyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoANSI SQL for query only (using Presto)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Automatic shardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users can be defined per tableAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"GeoSpockImpalaMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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