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DBMS > CouchDB vs. GBase vs. Impala vs. Memcached vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. GBase vs. Impala vs. Memcached vs. MySQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGBase  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.An analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.Analytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory key-value store, originally intended for cachingWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.07
Rank#170  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score25.66
Rank#30  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.gbase8a.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.memcached.orgwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikidev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournalOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2005201320031995
Current release3.1.1, September 2020GBase 8a3.4.0, April 20201.6.9, November 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD licenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++CC and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reducenoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factornone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallityMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenonoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosyes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocolUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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