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DBMS > CouchDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. eXtremeDB vs. FoundationDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisoneXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Natively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.68
Rank#209  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score1.44
Rank#146  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.mcobject.comwww.foundationdb.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMcObjectFoundationDB
Initial release200520012013
Current release3.2.2, April 20228.2, November 20206.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infosupport of XML interfaces available
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLsupported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesin SQL-layer only
Triggersyesyes infoby defining eventsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning / shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Active Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"eXtremeDBFoundationDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
» more
Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"eXtremeDBFoundationDB
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