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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1.52
Rank#121  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasepingcap.com
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasepingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200520122016
Current release2.3.1, March 20192.1.8, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Best Practices for Developing Applications with TiDB
19 June 2019

TiDB Passes Jepsen Test for Snapshot Isolation and Single-Key Linearizability
12 June 2019

Percona Live Austin -- Summary and Reflection
11 June 2019

Tutorial: Use TiDB DM to Migrate and Replicate Data from MySQL, MariaDB & Amazon Aurora
23 May 2019

Design and Implementation of Golang Failpoints
18 May 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseTiDB
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