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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Industry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score2.67
Rank#90  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Tobias Oetiker
Initial release200520121999
Current release2.3.1, March 20191.7.1, 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedHP-UX
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseRRDtool
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