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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB vs. Valentina Server

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB vs. Valentina Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonValentina Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBObject-relational database and reports server
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score0.28
Rank#265  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasepouchdb.comwww.valentina-db.net
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasepouchdb.com/­guidesvalentina-db.com/­docs/­dokuwiki/­v5/­doku.php
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software FoundationParadigma Software
Initial release2005201220121999
Current release3.0, February 20207.1.1, June 20195.7.5
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScript.Net
C
C#
C++
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Visual Basic
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions in JavaScriptyes
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabasePouchDBValentina Server
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