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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score2.14
Rank#123  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasepouchdb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasepouchdb.com/­guidesdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software FoundationPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2005201220122016
Current release3.0, February 20207.1.1, June 20194.0, July 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaScriptGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions in JavaScriptno
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabasePouchDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabasePouchDBTiDB
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