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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score18.80
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.33
Rank#100  Overall
#20  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasepouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasepouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Apache Software Foundation
Initial release200520122012
Current release3.2.2, April 20227.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabasePouchDB
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Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

Syncing Hyperledger Fabric StateDB (CouchDB) to Elasticsearch - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
4 November 2021, Wire19

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Getting Started with PouchDB Client-Side JavaScript Database
7 September 2016, SitePoint

Synchronizing Offline App Data with PouchDB
25 September 2015, SitePoint

PouchDB – a CouchDB-inspired Offline Web Database
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