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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. OrientDB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. OrientDB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Multi-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score5.48
Rank#70  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseorientdb.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005201220102012
Current release3.0, February 20203.1.0, June 20207.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language, no joinsno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'Java, JavascriptView functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesHooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes inforelationship in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableno

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseOrientDBPouchDB
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