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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Oracle NoSQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Oracle NoSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Key-value store based on Berkeley DB Java Edition
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score3.39
Rank#77  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­nosql/­index.html
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­NOSQL/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle
Initial release200520122011
Current release2.3.1, March 201918.3, November 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache V2 for Community Edition, proprietary license for Enterprise Edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeoptional, scheme definition possible with AVRO or in 'table-style'
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Electable Master-Slave per shard
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cache
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseOracle NoSQL
Specific characteristicsOracle NoSQL Database is a scalable , distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide...
» more
Competitive advantagesData can be modeled as relational-database-style tables, JSON documents, RDF Triples...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things where large volume of data needs to be stored and processed very...
» more
Key customersLarge credit card company Airbus NTT Docomo Global rewards company
» more
Market metricsOracle NoSQL Database is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Oracle NoSQL...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle NoSQL Database Enterprise Edition can be purchased under the Oracle Commercial...
» more

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseOracle NoSQL
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