DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. PouchDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used in-process key-value storeJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.61
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005201219942012
Current release3.0, February 202018.1 (Core), June 20187.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseOracle Berkeley DBPouchDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

CouchDB 3.0 puts safety first
27 February 2020, InfoWorld

NoSQL Database Comparison - Alibaba Cloud, AWS, Google Cloud, IBM and Microsoft - Web Hosting | Cloud Computing | Datacenter | Domain News
4 September 2020, Daily Host News

How to create your first CouchDB database with Fauxton
8 May 2019, TechRepublic

IBM Adds Kubernetes Operator for CouchDB
26 September 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

Babylon to face 'no further action' for data breach of GP at Hand
23 September 2020, Digital Health

10 Most Used Databases By Developers In 2020
25 August 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Microsoft’s Bing Search Leaks User Data Including Search Queries, Location and Visited Websites
23 September 2020, Wccftech

Introduction to the Firebase Database
9 March 2020, Database Journal

Exposed Microsoft Bing server leaked 6.5TB of user data
23 September 2020, TEISS

provided by Google News

The Hyperion-insideHPC Interviews: Los Alamos' Gary Grider Argues Efficiency in HPC Is King and Laments Simulation's 'Raw Deal'
22 September 2020, insideHPC

Fedora Looking To Transition The RPM Database From Berkeley DB To SQLite
16 March 2020, Phoronix

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Man-DB Brings Documentation to IBM i
12 August 2020, IT Jungle

provided by Google News

Getting Started with PouchDB Client-Side JavaScript Database
7 September 2016, SitePoint

Synchronizing Offline App Data with PouchDB
25 September 2015, SitePoint

Create Offline Web Apps Using Service Workers & PouchDB
7 March 2017, SitePoint

Cross Platform Storage and Sync with Ionic Framework, Couchbase, and PouchDB
13 November 2015, DZone News

Which Are the Top Local Databases for React Native
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

QA Engineer
Outreach, Seattle, WA

Jr. C# Developer
Melissa Global Intelligence, RSM, CA

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

Backend Web Developer
Caelum Research Corporation, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer
Dimagi, Massachusetts

Data Engineering Intern
decormatters, Milpitas, CA

React + Firebase developer
Effective, Austin, TX

Senior Unity Programmer
PopBase, Seattle, WA

Database & Web Developer
Sports Academy LLC, Frisco, TX

Senior Full Stack Web Developer
Funded.club, Remote

Java Full Stack Developer
Gurutech Solutions, Boxborough, MA

Web Application Developer-PERL
Books-A-Million, Birmingham, AL

Senior Software Engineer
PHIflow, LLC, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here