DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. NuoDB vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. NuoDB vs. RDF4J

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score18.92
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score0.73
Rank#204  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasenuodb.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedoc.nuodb.comrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014NuoDB, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2005201220132004
Current release3.2.2, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'Java, SQLyes
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0data is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtennone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersno

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseNuoDBRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Document Databases Software Market is Expected to Reach US$ 43.33 Bn by the End of 2031-MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

How to Connect Your Flask App With CouchDB: A NoSQL Database - MUO
14 August 2021, MakeUseOf

Syncing Hyperledger Fabric StateDB (CouchDB) to Elasticsearch - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
4 November 2021, Wire19

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

provided by Google News

Supabase raises $80M Series B for its open source Firebase alternative
10 May 2022, TechCrunch

Google's Firebase app development platform gets updates and security boosts
11 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Fauna Announces New Data Management Capabilities, SOC 2 Type 2 Attainment, and New Marketing Leader to Accelerate Broad Based Enterprise Adoption
24 May 2022, Yahoo Finance

How to Upload Files to Firebase Storage Using React.js - MUO
14 May 2022, MakeUseOf

Mobile App Analytics Platform Market Overview 2022-2029| Key Players – Appsee, Buddybuild (Doe Pics Hit), Mixpanel, Firebase (Google), Amplitude – Carbon Valley Farmer and Miner
25 May 2022, Carbon Valley Farmer and Miner

provided by Google News

SQL Server Transformation Market Upcoming Trends, Segmented by Type, Application, End-User and Region -Oracle, Microsoft, SAP SE, IBM, Alphabet, Amazon Web Services, Teradata, NuoDB, MemSQL, Actian Corporation – The Daily Vale
23 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Database Automation Market 2021 Analysis and Leading Competitors – The Daily Vale
25 May 2022, The Daily Vale

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Advisory Group

provided by Google News

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

Application Developer- .Net & Sharepoint
TEXAS PIPE & SUPPLY CO, Houston, TX

Software Engineer
DataDog, New York, NY

Software Engineer II
Blue-White Industries, HB, Huntington Beach, CA

Database Administrator 4
DELUXE CORPORATION, Minneapolis, MN

Junior iOS Engineer - Remote
Peek, Seattle, WA

Python Developer
Swan Software Solutions, Carmel, IN

Systems Analyst
RYZLINK, Santa Clara, CA

Senior Backend Engineer - Node.js
Side, Inc., Remote

Java Technical Lead
Software Bloc, Plano, TX

Staff Engineer, Database
Medidata Solutions, New York, NY

Staff Engineer, Database
Medidata Solutions, Remote

Staff Engineer, Database
Medidata Solutions, Iselin, NJ

NuoDB -Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Cambridge, MA

Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Data Discovery Developer - Scientific Computing & Data
Mount Sinai, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here