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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.53
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score19.96
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score1.03
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasenuodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release200520122013
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'Java, SQL
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0data is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseNuoDB
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How to Connect Your Flask App With CouchDB: A NoSQL Database
14 August 2021, MakeUseOf

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

Syncing Hyperledger Fabric StateDB (CouchDB) to Elasticsearch - Latest Digital Transformation Trends | Cloud News
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NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as A Sample Vendor in Gartner's Hype Cycle for Data Management, 2020
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