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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB vs. PouchDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB vs. PouchDB vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.97
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score16.91
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.36
Rank#106  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
Score2.50
Rank#100  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score20.40
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldbpouchdb.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdpouchdb.com/­guideswww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleApache Software FoundationVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20052012201120122005
Current release3.1.1 , September 20201.23 , February 20217.1.1, June 2019Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyes infovia viewsno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononoyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
JavaScriptC++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScriptyes
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungeSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Multi-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseLevelDBPouchDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsColumnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseLevelDBPouchDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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