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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.97
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score16.91
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.36
Rank#106  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
Score2.50
Rank#100  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score126.69
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldbpouchdb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdpouchdb.com/­guideswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleApache Software FoundationDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20052012201120122000
Current release3.1.1, September 20201.23 , February 20217.1.1, June 20193.35.4  (2 April 2021), April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++JavaScriptC
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnonoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScriptno
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesnonono

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