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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string values
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.01
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score16.92
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.76
Rank#98  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldb
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.md
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Google
Initial release200520122011
Current release3.1.1 , September 20201.23 , February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseLevelDB
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