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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1.55
Rank#120  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasejanusgraph.org
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.janusgraph.org/­latest
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Linux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release200520122017
Current release2.3.1, March 20190.3.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0yes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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How to create your first CouchDB database with Fauxton
8 May 2019, TechRepublic

Growing Awareness about of NoSQL Databases Software Market Growth of CAGR with Focusing Key players like MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis, etc
18 June 2019, Amazing Newspaper

How to install CouchDB on CentOS 7
30 April 2019, TechRepublic

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A Pokemon Crash Course on CouchDB
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Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

How was Google Firebase security bypassed?
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Firebase for Startups: A Must-Have or Non-Essential
23 January 2019, Appinventiv

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JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

The Graph Database Poised To Pounce On The Mainstream
19 September 2018, The Next Platform

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

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