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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. NuoDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. NuoDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Analytic DBMS for HadoopNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.64
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#176  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#120  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlnuodb.comwww.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldoc.nuodb.comdocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014ClouderaNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release20052012201320132017
Current release3.2.0, October 20214.0.0, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infolimited edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++C++C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava, SQLyes
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factoryes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnoACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaNuoDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsTigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesTigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTry TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaNuoDBTigerGraph
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