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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. LeanXcale

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Impala vs. LeanXcale

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLeanXcale  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Analytic DBMS for HadoopA highly scalable full ACID SQL database with fast NoSQL data ingestion and GIS capabilities
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score19.02
Rank#37  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#280  Overall
#41  Key-value stores
#129  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.leanxcale.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014ClouderaLeanXcale
Initial release2005201220132015
Current release3.1.1, September 20203.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infothrough Apache Derby
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
proprietary key/value interface
Spark Connector
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaLeanXcale
Specific characteristicsFull ACID and full SQL operational database with analytical queries over operational...
» more
Competitive advantagesLinear scalability upto 100s of nodes (tested with 100 nodes and TPC-C).
» more
Typical application scenariosHybrid Transactional-Analytical Processing (HTAP) requiring an operational database...
» more
Key customersbanking/finance/fintech, telco, insurance, traveltech, M2M/IoT, retail
» more
Market metrics15 beta testers
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsannual fee covering license and support based on number of physical cores
» more

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseImpalaLeanXcale
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