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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IRONdb

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IRONdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicity
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.88
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score18.76
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.20
Rank#334  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.circonus.com/­solutions/­time-series-database
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.circonus.com/­irondb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Circonus LLC.
Initial release200520122017
Current release3.3.0, January 2023V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infotext, numeric, histograms
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yes, in Lua
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Automatic, metric affinity per node
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
configurable replication factor, datacenter aware
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseIRONdb
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