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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. LokiJS

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Hawkular Metrics vs. LokiJS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonHawkular Metrics  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Hawkular metrics is the metric storage of the Red Hat sponsored Hawkular monitoring system. It is based on Cassandra.In-memory JavaScript DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.64
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.03
Rank#332  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#222  Overall
#33  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.hawkular.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJS
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasewww.hawkular.org/­hawkular-metrics/­docs/­user-guidetechfort.github.io/­LokiJS
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Community supported by Red Hat
Initial release2005201220142014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJavaJavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP RESTJavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infovia Hawkular Alertingyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesnono infoatomic operations within a single collection possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseHawkular MetricsLokiJS
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