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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Greenplum vs. Impala vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Greenplum vs. Impala vs. MySQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Analytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.02
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score13.61
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegreenplum.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.greenplum.orgdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Pivotal Software Inc.ClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20052012200520131995
Current release3.1.1, September 20206.7.1, April 20203.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinuxLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infosince Version 4.2noyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'yesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntax
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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