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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. GraphDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score1.09
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegraphdb.ontotext.com
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Ontotext
Initial release200520122000
Current release2.3.1, March 20198.8, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'Java Server Plugin
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoConstraint checking
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM
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