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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. FoundationDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score19.22
Rank#33  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score10.85
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score0.83
Rank#161  Overall
#21  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.foundationdb.org
Technical documentationwiki.apache.org/­couchdbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databaseapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014FoundationDB
Initial release200520122013
Current release2.3.1, March 20196.0.17, December 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonosupported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'in SQL-layer only
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Linearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime DatabaseFoundationDB
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