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DBMS > CouchDB vs. FileMaker vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. FileMaker vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.FileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Microsofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.45
Rank#42  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score52.80
Rank#21  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score929.09
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleMicrosoft
Initial release200519831989
Current release3.3.0, January 202319.4.1, November 2021SQL Server 2022, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
iOS infoclient part only
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infovia pluginsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
PHPC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasesimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"FileMakerMicrosoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

How to install the CouchDB NoSQL database on Debian Server 11
16 June 2022, TechRepublic

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

How to deploy CouchDB as a cluster with Docker
30 June 2022, TechRepublic

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

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27 January 2023, The Next Platform

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2 September 2022, Daring Fireball

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