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DBMS > CouchDB vs. FileMaker vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. FileMaker vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.FileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.97
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score52.27
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#337  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.claris.com/­filemakerazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.torodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2005198320162016
Current release3.2.2, April 202219.4.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC++Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
iOS
OS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infovia pluginsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
PHPC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesTransact SQL
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14yesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasesimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesyesAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"FileMakerMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseToroDB
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