DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > CouchDB vs. Fauna vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Fauna vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. LevelDB vs. PouchDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFauna  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Fauna (previously named FaunaDB) provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document storeKey-value storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.97
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.49
Rank#136  Overall
#22  Document stores
#11  Graph DBMS
#67  Relational DBMS
#9  Time Series DBMS
Score16.91
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.36
Rank#106  Overall
#19  Key-value stores
Score2.50
Rank#100  Overall
#18  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgfauna.comfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldbpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.fauna.comfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasegithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerFauna, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleApache Software Foundation
Initial release20052014201220112012
Current release3.1.1 , September 20201.23 , February 20217.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangScalaC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedhostedIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesnoyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptuser defined functionslimited functionality with using 'rules'noView functions in JavaScript
TriggersyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingnoneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationnoneMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDyesnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseIdentity management, authentication, and access controlyes, based on authentication and database rulesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"FaunaFirebase Realtime DatabaseLevelDBPouchDB
Specific characteristicsServerless database delivered as an API Web-native security model with attribute...
» more
Competitive advantages100% serverless , no connection pooling bottlenecks, or cold starts unlike legacy...
» more
Typical application scenariosJavascript apps Serverless backends for microservices Cloud-native apps B2B and B2C...
» more
Key customersShiftX
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsUsage-based pricing including a free tier
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"FaunaFirebase Realtime DatabaseLevelDBPouchDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

New kids on the block: database management systems implemented in JavaScript
1 December 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Global NoSQL Software Market In-depth Outlook 2021-2027 | MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
3 May 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

NoSQL Software Market – Major Technology Giants in Buzz Again | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB – NeighborWebSJ
1 May 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Apache CouchDB 3.0 NoSQL Database: A Major Milestone -- ADTmag
27 February 2020, ADT Magazine

NoSQL Databases Software Market In-Depth Analysis including key players MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
29 April 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Implementing MongoDB: 6 Things to Know Beforehand
27 April 2021, TechDay News

provided by Google News

How Fauna Delivers Data-as-Utility in a Serverless World | eWEEK
23 April 2021, eWeek

Utahns Encouraged To Document Flora, Fauna In Their Community This Weekend
28 April 2021, Utah Public Radio

Startups to Watch in 2021
15 April 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Cloud-Based Time Series Database Market SWOT Analysis including key players Alibaba, Amazon (AWS), AVEVA – The Courier
5 May 2021, The Courier

Utahns urged to document flora, fauna in their communities this weekend
29 April 2021, The Herald Journal

provided by Google News

Android Malware Introduced by Darknet Forum using Firebase -
15 April 2021, VENTS Magazine

Nhost is an open source Firebase rival backed by GitHub’s founders
22 April 2021, VentureBeat

This Swedish Open Source Firebase rival raises €2.5M; backers include GitHub's founders
23 April 2021, Silicon Canals

Firebase: Google Cloud’s Evil Twin – Excerpt
7 October 2020, Security Boulevard

Introduction to the Firebase Database
9 March 2020, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Discord Nitro gift codes now demanded as ransomware payments
18 April 2021, BleepingComputer

NitroRansomware Demands Gift Codes As Ransom
21 April 2021, Cyber Security News

Malicious npm package caught trying to steal sensitive Discord and browser files
28 August 2020, ZDNet

The best IoT databases for the edge – an overview and guide
15 October 2020, AZ Big Media

Neo SPCC releases latest Neo3 benchmark results, exceeding 10K TPS with single Go node - Neo News Today
18 September 2020, NEO News Today

provided by Google News

Getting Started with PouchDB Client-Side JavaScript Database
7 September 2016, SitePoint

Synchronizing Offline App Data with PouchDB
25 September 2015, SitePoint

Create Offline Web Apps Using Service Workers & PouchDB
7 March 2017, SitePoint

Create an AngularJS Web Application That Sync's With Couchbase Using PouchDB
29 January 2016, DZone News

Cross Platform Storage and Sync with Ionic Framework, Couchbase, and PouchDB
13 November 2015, DZone News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Jr. Java Developer
Netrist, Charleston, SC

Full Stack Engineer
Dimagi, Massachusetts

PHP Developer
Mindfire Technology, Layton, UT

AI Chatbot Designer and Bot Builder
Citi, Irving, TX

Senior Tools Development Engineer
Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Durham, NC

Fish Biologist, ZP-0482-3 (Direct Hire)
US Department of Commerce, Miami, FL

Wildlife Biologist 1
State of West Virginia, West Virginia

PARK RANGER 1**-05052021-17678
State of Tennessee, Rock Island, TN

Stormwater Environmental Services Manager
City of St. Petersburg, Saint Petersburg, FL

Stewardship Associate
Marin Agricultural Land Trust (MALT), Point Reyes Station, CA

Flutter app Developer
Life Science Publishing, Remote

Leader of Digital Monetization
Smith Micro Software, Pittsburgh, PA

Android Developer (Remote)
RiCOMA International Corporation, Remote

Software Developer Intern
VEKEND Technologies, Remote

Python Developer
Swan Software Solutions, Carmel, IN

Software Engineer
DataDog, Denver, CO

Full Stack Developer
Inventam, Remote

Staff Software Engineer
Wework, New York, NY

Senior Software Engineer - Database Engineering
Snowflake, San Mateo, CA

Senior Software Engineer
IT People, Morrisville, NC

Backend Go Engineer
Benzinga, Detroit, MI

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Present your product here