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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.01
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score152.18
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score9.92
Rank#44  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerElasticMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release200520102001
Current release3.1.1 , September 20207.8.0, June 20209.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyesyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesES-Hadoop Connectoryes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noMemcached and Redis integrationyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ElasticsearchMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
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The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
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The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
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Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
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Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
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Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
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MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
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Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"ElasticsearchMarkLogic
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