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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. Microsoft Access vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. Microsoft Access vs. NSDb

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NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score7.61
Rank#52  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score117.23
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score0.02
Rank#336  Overall
#31  Time Series DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.ehcache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accessnsdb.io
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.ehcache.org/­documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accessnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGMicrosoft
Initial release2005200919922017
Current release3.0, February 20203.8.1, September 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnoyesall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJCacheADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoby using Terracotta ServernoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby using Terracotta Servernone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceACID infobut no files for transaction loggingno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyes infobut no files for transaction loggingUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"EhcacheMicrosoft AccessNSDb
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