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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. JSqlDb vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. JSqlDb vs. Microsoft Access

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NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonJSqlDb  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsJavaScript Query Language Database, stores JavaScript objects and primitivesMicrosoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value storeDocument store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.25
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score7.61
Rank#52  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score0.00
Rank#345  Overall
#49  Document stores
#20  Object oriented DBMS
Score117.23
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.ehcache.orgjsqldb.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.ehcache.org/­documentationdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGKonrad von BackstromMicrosoft
Initial release2005200920181992
Current release3.0, February 20203.8.1, September 20190.8, December 20181902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Sourcecommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Windows
Windows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJCacheADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaJavaScriptC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnofunctions in JavaScriptyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoby using Terracotta Servernonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby using Terracotta Servernonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyes infousing RocksDByes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"EhcacheJSqlDbMicrosoft Access
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