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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Ehcache vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Access

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NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonEhcache  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.A widely adopted Java cache with tiered storage optionsGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value storeWide column storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.85
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score7.66
Rank#54  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score4.06
Rank#86  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score116.74
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.ehcache.orgcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablewww.ehcache.org/­documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerTerracotta Inc, owned by Software AGGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2005200920151992
Current release3.0, February 20203.8.1, September 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMhostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJCachegRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnonoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoby using Terracotta ServerShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoby using Terracotta ServerInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyTunable Consistency (Strong, Eventual, Weak)Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes infosupports JTA and can work as an XA resourceAtomic single-row operationsACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing a tiered cache-storage approachyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"EhcacheGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Access
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