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DBMS > CouchDB vs. DuckDB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. DuckDB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.An embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.82
Rank#48  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score4.79
Rank#65  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score2.31
Rank#111  Overall
#21  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgduckdb.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stableduckdb.org/­docspouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release200520182012
Current release3.3.3, December 20231.0.0, June 20247.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++JavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-lessserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIArrow Database Connectivity (ADBC)
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C# info3rd party driver
C++
Crystal info3rd party driver
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Lisp info3rd party driver
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
Rust
Swift
Zig info3rd party driver
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenono

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DuckDBPouchDB
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16 June 2022, TechRepublic

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28 August 2014, SitePoint

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Building an Offline First App with PouchDB
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