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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Db2

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Db2

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Distributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/Linux
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDB
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score166.56
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgdgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGG
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogleIBM
Initial release20052016201520151983 infohost version
Current release3.1.1, September 202012.1, October 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infofree version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangGoC++, JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptnoJava Stored Proceduresnoyes
Triggersyesnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0yesShardingShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Version
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Synchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2
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