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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Derby vs. mSQL vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Derby vs. mSQL vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.mSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.53
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.72
Rank#77  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#126  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbyhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlpouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationHughes TechnologiesApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005199719942012
Current release3.2.0, October 202110.15.2.0, March 20204.4, October 20217.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2commercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaCJavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCJDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored ProceduresnoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonenoneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationnoneMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBmSQL infoMini SQLPouchDB
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