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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Derby vs. PouchDB vs. VoltDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Derby vs. PouchDB vs. VoltDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonVoltDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBDistributed In-Memory NewSQL RDBMS infoUsed for OLTP applications with a high frequency of relatively simple transactions, that can hold all their data in memory
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.53
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.72
Rank#77  Overall
#43  Relational DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Document stores
Score1.72
Rank#131  Overall
#66  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbypouchdb.comwww.voltdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlpouchdb.com/­guidesdocs.voltdb.com
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationVoltDB Inc.
Initial release2005199720122010
Current release3.2.0, October 202110.15.2.0, March 20207.1.1, June 201910.1, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen Source infoAGPL for Community Edition, commercial license for Enterprise, AWS, and Pro Editions
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaJavaScriptJava, C++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
OS X infofor development
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes infoonly a subset of SQL 99
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaJavaScriptC#
C++
Erlang infonot officially supported
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored ProceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungeSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationMulti-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infoFOREIGN KEY constraints are not supported
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID infoTransactions are executed single-threaded within stored procedures
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes infoSnapshots and command logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers and roles with access to stored procedures

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBPouchDBVoltDB
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