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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Derby vs. LevelDB vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Derby vs. LevelDB vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSequoiadb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Embeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.NewSQL database with distributed OLTP and SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeRDF storeDocument store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.39
Rank#35  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score6.29
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score3.13
Rank#95  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score0.50
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score0.31
Rank#254  Overall
#34  Document stores
#116  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbygithub.com/­google/­leveldbrdf4j.orgwww.sequoiadb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdrdf4j.org/­documentationwww.sequoiadb.com/­en/­index.php?m=Files&a=index
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationGoogleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sequoiadb Ltd.
Initial release20051997201120042013
Current release3.0, February 202010.15.2.0, March 20201.22, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoServer: AGPL; Client: Apache V2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyesyes infooid, date, timestamp, binary, regex
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored ProceduresnoyesJavaScript
Triggersyesyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0nonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationnonenoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedDocument is locked during a transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonosimple password-based access control

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBLevelDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSequoiadb
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