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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Derby vs. Ignite vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Derby vs. Ignite vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Document store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.80
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score5.12
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score6.38
Rank#64  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#35  Relational DBMS
Score3.34
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgdb.apache.org/­derbyignite.apache.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlapacheignite.readme.io/­docspouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation
Initial release2005199720152012
Current release3.2.0, October 202110.15.2.0, March 2020Apache Ignite 2.67.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++, Java, .NetJavaScript
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBCHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaC#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored Proceduresyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)View functions in JavaScript
Triggersyesyesyes (cache interceptors and events)yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationyes (replicated cache)Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBIgnitePouchDB
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