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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Datomic vs. Impala vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Datomic vs. Impala vs. SAP Adaptive Server vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Datomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityAnalytic DBMS for HadoopThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMSKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.64
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.74
Rank#130  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score18.46
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score51.05
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#321  Overall
#49  Key-value stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgwww.datomic.comwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.htmlgithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.datomic.comdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerCognitectClouderaSAP, SybaseSTS Soft SC
Initial release20052012201319872011
Current release3.2.0, October 20210.9.5951, July 20194.0.0, July 202116.04.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava, ClojureC++C and C++C#
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Clojure
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptyes infoTransaction Functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJava and Transact-SQLno
TriggersyesBy using transaction functionsnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0none infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersShardinghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenoAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"DatomicImpalaSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASESTSdb
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