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DBMS > CouchDB vs. Cubrid vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. Cubrid vs. Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonCubrid  Xexclude from comparisonDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.CUBRID is an open-source SQL-based relational database management system with object extensions for OLTPDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1.24
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgcubrid.com (korean)
cubrid.org (english)
dgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecubrid.org/­manualsdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerCUBRID Corporation, CUBRID FoundationDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogle
Initial release20052008201620152015
Current release3.1.1, September 202011.0, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPLv2Open Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC, C++, JavaGoC++, Java
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
GraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptJava Stored ProceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresno
Triggersyesyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneyesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"CubridDgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"CubridDgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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