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DBMS > CouchDB vs. CrateDB vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison CouchDB vs. CrateDB vs. PouchDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Distributed Date Store based on LuceneJavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS
Search engine
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.12
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score0.61
Rank#191  Overall
#91  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score2.79
Rank#91  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score120.36
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitecouchdb.apache.orgcrate.iopouchdb.comwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablecrate.io/­docspouchdb.com/­guideswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerCrateApache Software FoundationDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2005201320122000
Current release2.3.1, March 20197.1.1, June 20193.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open SourceOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaJavaScriptC
Server operating systemsAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less
Data schemeschema-freeFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)schema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia viewsyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes, but no triggers and constraintsnoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptuser defined functionsView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
selectable replication factorMaster-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategynoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users can be defined per databaserights management via user accountsnono
More information provided by the system vendor
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"CrateDBPouchDBSQLite
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
CouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"CrateDBPouchDBSQLite
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