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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.In-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search Engines infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score33.07
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score19.50
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score139.91
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgredis.io
Technical documentationdeveloper.couchbase.com/­serverwiki.apache.org/­couchdbredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201120052009
Current release5.1.0, February 20182.1.2, July 20184.0.10, June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangErlangC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernopartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (N1QL)nono
APIs and other access methodsMemcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API infoonly for server administration
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresView functions in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptLua
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyStrong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Redis
Specific characteristicsCouchbase Server is an open source NoSQL database engineered to support the agile...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world’s fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
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Competitive advantagesPowerful Querying: An expressive query language that extends SQL and supports joins...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
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Typical application scenariosReal-time Big Data , Profile Management , Mobile Applications , Content Management...
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Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
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Key customersCouchbase customers include industry leaders like AOL, AT&T, Bally’s, BSkyB, Cisco...
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Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
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Market metricsRedis Labs serves over 60,000 customers globally and is consistently ranked as a...
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Licensing and pricing modelsAll software is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0
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The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

3rd party products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Alibaba Cloud - ApsaraDB for Redis: A Key-Value Database Service that offers In-memory Caching and High-speed Access to Applications hosted on the Cloud.
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale Redis in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

Redis Labs is the open source home and the provider of enterprise-class Redis.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of 3rd party vendors to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Redis
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

MongoDB is the DBMS of the year, defending the title from last year
7 January 2015, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Notable DBMS presentation: Yao Yu on how Redis is used at Twitter
25 September 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

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