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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. PouchDB vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. PouchDB vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDBCloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionSpatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score26.71
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score15.52
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score3.53
Rank#97  Overall
#19  Document stores
Score18.51
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgpouchdb.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablepouchdb.com/­guidesvertica.com/­documentation
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software FoundationMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release2011200520122005
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20213.2.2, April 20227.1.1, June 201911.1, February 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Sourcecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces costVertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangErlangJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernonoyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infovia viewsNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nonoFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaScriptC#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptyes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyesyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-loungehorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Multi-source replication infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyesno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backendyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databasenofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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