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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score32.21
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score18.04
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.75
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablepouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release201120052012
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20192.3.1, March 20197.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase Server 6.5 improves NoSQL database queries
8 October 2019, TechTarget

Couchbase to Sponsor and Exhibit at Red Hat Forums across Europe and Australia
15 October 2019, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase reveals its latest SQL release
2 October 2019, DevOps Online

68 Percent of Digital Architects Say Getting the Right Technology in Place for Transformation an “Insurmountable” Task, Couchbase Research Finds
15 October 2019, GlobeNewswire

Software architects struggle with relational database legacy
15 October 2019, ComputerWeekly.com

provided by Google News

IBM Adds Kubernetes Operator for CouchDB
26 September 2019, Datanami

IBM Adds Support and Kubernetes Operator for Apache CouchDB to Sync Data Across Multi-Cloud Environments
30 September 2019, Database Trends and Applications

IBM Announces Kubernetes Operator for Apache CouchDB to Enhance Adoption of Hybrid Cloud
27 September 2019, Toolbox

IBM Taps Red Hat for Additional Kubernetes Expertise
27 September 2019, Container Journal

news digest: GitHub introduces CodeSearchNet challenge, CodeStream 3.0 released, and Rust 1.38 - SD Times
27 September 2019, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

Auth0 partners with London-based YLD, hires new C-level staff
25 September 2019, Contxto

Getting Started with PouchDB Client-Side JavaScript Database
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Synchronizing Offline App Data with PouchDB
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Create Offline Web Apps Using Service Workers & PouchDB
7 March 2017, SitePoint

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

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