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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.29
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score18.40
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score2.70
Rank#89  Overall
#15  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgpouchdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablepouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerApache Software Foundation
Initial release201120052012
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20192.3.1, March 20197.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.nono
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Master-slave replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataSingle-document ACID transactionsno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseno
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDB
Specific characteristicsCouchbase Server is an open source NoSQL database engineered to support the agile...
» more
Competitive advantagesPowerful Querying: An expressive query language that extends SQL and supports joins...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-time Big Data , Profile Management , Mobile Applications , Content Management...
» more
Key customersCouchbase customers include industry leaders like AOL, AT&T, Bally’s, BSkyB, Cisco...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAll software is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0
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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"PouchDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Couchbase to Exhibit and Present at Oracle OpenWorld 2019
12 September 2019, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase Named to Constellation ShortList for Hybrid- and Cloud-Friendly NoSQL Stores in Q3 2019
29 August 2019, Yahoo Finance

Digital Transformation Projects Continue to Be at Risk, Couchbase Research Finds
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5 September 2019, Enterprise Times

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14 September 2019, Business Intelligence

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30 April 2019, TechRepublic

Document Databases Market Sales Revenue to Significantly Increase in the Next Few Years
14 September 2019, NewsVarsity

NoSQL Databases Software Market Is Booming Worldwide | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase
26 August 2019, Indian Columnist

A Pokemon Crash Course on CouchDB
11 August 2016, SitePoint

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Create Offline Web Apps Using Service Workers & PouchDB
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Create an AngularJS Web Application That Sync's With Couchbase Using PouchDB
29 January 2016, DZone News

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