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DBMS > Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Couchbase vs. CouchDB vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.78
Rank#30  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score477.66
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitewww.couchbase.comcouchdb.apache.orgwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdocs.couchbase.comdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.Apache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMongoDB, Inc
Initial release201120052009
Current releaseServer: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 20213.2.2, April 20226.0.0, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangErlangC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoString, Boolean, Numbernoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.noRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsNative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIproprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresFunctions and timers in JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsnoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDB
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
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200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
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MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
Couchbase infoOriginally called MembaseCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDB
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Recent citations in the news

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27 July 2022, thenewstack.io

Couchbase, Inc. (NASDAQ:BASE) Short Interest Down 22.3% in July
2 August 2022, Defense World

2022-07-19 | NDAQ:BASE | Press Release | Couchbase Inc.
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