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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. SurrealDB vs. Ultipa

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. SurrealDB vs. Ultipa

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonSurrealDB  Xexclude from comparisonUltipa  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.A fully ACID transactional, developer-friendly, multi-model DBMSHigh performance Graph DBMS supporting HTAP high availability cluster deployment
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.15
Rank#55  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#203  Overall
#34  Document stores
#18  Graph DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#335  Overall
#31  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comsurrealdb.comwww.ultipa.com
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docssurrealdb.com/­docswww.ultipa.com/­document
DeveloperCockroach LabsSurrealDB LtdUltipa
Initial release201520222019
Current release24.1.0, May 2024v1.5.0, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Sourcecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoRust
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBCGraphQL
RESTful HTTP API
WebSocket
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
Deno
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Rust
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno
Triggersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFT
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
CockroachDBSurrealDBUltipa
Recent citations in the news

Cockroach Labs Deepens Partnership with Google Cloud, CockroachDB Selected to Join Google Distributed Cloud
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