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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Neo4j vs. ObjectBox

System Properties Comparison CockroachDB vs. Neo4j vs. ObjectBox

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonObjectBox  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsExtremely fast embedded database for small devices, IoT and Mobile
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSObject oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.93
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score58.03
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#181  Overall
#8  Object oriented DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comneo4j.comobjectbox.io
Technical documentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdocs.objectbox.io
DeveloperCockroach LabsNeo4j, Inc.ObjectBox Limited
Initial release201520072017
Current release21.1.2, June 20214.4.0, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
iOS
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemedynamic schemaschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Dart
Go
Java
JavaScript infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Kotlin
Python infoplanned (as of Jan 2019)
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTyes using Neo4j Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyonline/offline synchronization between client and server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)yes
More information provided by the system vendor
CockroachDBNeo4jObjectBox
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metrics6.5K+ long-running clusters 1.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 6.5K+ CockroachDB...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Jim Webber with Matthias Sieber: Teaching Neo4j to Make the World a Better Place
6 December 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Advent of Graphs, Neo4j 4.4, 2021 Graphie Awards, Graph Embeddings
4 December 2021

Neo4j 4.4 – The Fastest Path to Graph Database Productivity, Generally Available
2 December 2021

The Results Are In: Here Are This Year’s Graphie Award Winners
1 December 2021

What’s the ROI of a Graph Technology Investment?
30 November 2021

Beginner C++ Database Tutorial: How to use ObjectBox
24 November 2021

Beginner C++ tutorial: ObjectBox installation
26 October 2021

ObjectBox Database Java / Kotlin 3.0 + CRUD Benchmarks
19 October 2021

Building a Business on Open Source
1 July 2021

IoT, Edge Computing, and Digitalization in Healthcare
28 June 2021

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
CockroachDBNeo4jObjectBox
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